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[이 곳을 클릭하세요] 컨스트럭트랩 워크숍 'Learning in Constructlab practice' 10/28, 15pm (베니스), 22pm (서울)

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:45 AM

Profile of Kangwon Province

Kangwon province (강원도), located on the eastern coast of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), has been a region that is historically famous for its scenic natural environment. With a population of around 1.5 million people and a land area of 11,100km2, it is the third-smallest province among the 9 provinces of the DPRK. (excluding the provincial-level cities of Pyongyang and Rason) The province is subdivided into 2 cities and 15 counties.

Kangwon province is largely mountainous, with 80% of its land area being mountainous and only 10% arable. Traditionally, Kangwon has been a major agricultural and industrial region, including fishing, growing fruits such as persimmons, and heavy industries such as mining and shipbuilding. In recent years, the region has focused on developing its tourism industry, particularly a tourism resort around its major coastal city Wonsan and the Mount Kumgang Tourist Region. ​

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:40 AM

Why is it important to look at Kangwon Province?

​In recent years, tourism has been a key area of development for the Kangwon province. Kangwon has a wealth of natural resources and historical sites which makes it an attractive region for tourists. Since 2014, much of the region’s focus has been centred on the development of ‘Wonsan Tourism Zone’, in particular a tourism resort along the Kalma Peninsula. The high-profile project has been touted as the catalyst for economic development along North Korea’s east coast. Several inter-Korea projects, including railway networks have been planned to tap on the region’s potential.

Additionally, DPRK leader Kim Jong-un sees Kangwon province as a priority region for development. Apart from the tourism sector, the DPRK government claims to be focusing on manufacturing and food industries as areas of growth. It has also invested resources to bolster its aging infrastructure.​

However, efforts to develop Kangwon’s tourism potential might be hindered by the lack of basic infrastructure including power, transportation and communications, and the disparity in development between inland and coastal regions of Kangwon.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:40 AM

What has Choson Exchange done in Kangwon Province?

​Choson Exchange, a Singapore based non-profit group, has conducted several training programs in Wonsan and led study visits to help Wonsan policy makers and business leaders to help them leverage the potential of Kangwon’s growth.

2013 - 2015
Conducted training programs in Wonsan

2014
Brought Wonsan Tourism Zone policy makers to Singapore and Vietnam for study trip

2016
Workshops and study trips contributed to Wonsan SEZ taxation laws for foreign ownership of land

2019
Revisited Kangwon province with partners

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:42 AM

How can we harness the development potential of (Northern) Kangwon Province?

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:21 AM

A research and development roadmap for Kangwon province led by Choson Exchange.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:21 AM

Research

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:38 AM

Kangwon Key Industries

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:53 AM

Key Industries

Understanding Kangwon Province’s economic potential and challenges cannot be done without having a comprehensive grasp of the different industries that exist in the region. Explore Kangwon Province’s 4 different industries – Tourism, Energy, Manufacturing, and Basic Infrastructure – through our interactive maps where we identify more than 150 facilities in the region.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:46 AM

Tourism Industry Comparison

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:07 AM

Comparisons Between Pyonggang and Kangwon

Tourism
In order to better assess the future needs of Kangwon Province in its industrial capacity, we can compare the province to the city of Pyongyang, where many of North Korea’s 200,000 tourists visit every year. If North Korea aims to host 1 million tourists via the Wonsan-Kalma International Airport by 2025, Kangwon Province must build up its tourist, manufacturing, energy, and infrastructural facilities to be on par with Pyongyang’s.

Manufacturing
While Pyongyang easily exceeds Kangwon in the number of manufacturing sites, we still see an impressive spread of manufacturing activity in Kangwon. It is also highly likely that a large portion of the manufacturing activities in Kangwon have not been captured in our research.

Energy
One of the most notable memories retold by foreign tourists of Pyongyang is the city’s frequent power shortages, which naturally leads us to question if Kangwon can ever meet or exceed Pyongyang’s capacity in energy production. Pyongyang alone has around 20 power plants that serve the city while only 10 plants are known to currently exist in the eastern coast of Kangwon.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:09 AM

Challenges

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:13 AM

Challenges

Need for Basic Infrastructure
​Kangwon has been plagued by several infrastructural issues which impede its growth. Due to the fact that it is away from Pyongyang, much needed energy, infrastructure and resources are often diverted to other major cities across the DPRK, which puts Kangwon at a less advantageous position for development.

Electricity Transmission to Inland Region
There are three power plants in Kangwon province, all of which are hydroelectric plants, near Wonsan, Mount Kumgang and Tongchon. With a total population of 1.5M in Kumgang province, the electricity shortfall is significant​.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:13 AM

Coast vs Inland

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:28 AM

Coast vs Inland

Inter-Korea Rail Project Context
Despite existing challenges in Kangwon Province, there are several ongoing developmental projects in Kangwon that will be crucial to the region’s development in the next decade. First is the Inter-Korean Railway Project, born out of the 2018 Panmunjom Declaration, which promoted travel between the two Koreas through the connection of the Donghae and Gyeongui Line. The Donghae Line, which sits on the east coast of the peninsula, is a strategic infrastructural development for North Korea, as it can potentially serve as the main pathway for South Korean tourists to not only Mt. Kumkang but also Wonsan. While the Line necessitates several years for it to completely modernize, South Korea has been extremely proactive in its effort in connecting the railway from Kangneung to its most northern city of Jejin near the DMZ.

Connectivity
The most significant feature of the cities in inner Kangwon is its connectivity. The availability of the Kangwon Line allows for transport to major cities like Wonsan and Munchon while the Chyeongnyon Inchon Line offers direct connectivity to the capital, Pyongyang. While these cities do not currently retain sufficient infrastructure for tourists, the potential for the development of inner Kangwon is still worth exploring as South Korea is open to connecting the Kangwon Line with the railroads in the South.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:31 AM

Economic Roadmap

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:31 AM

Economic Roadmap

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:34 AM

Tourism as the Anchor of Kangwon Province’s Economic Development

The DPRK stands to benefit from developing Kangwon Province into a regional tourism hub, focusing on Wonsan and the Mount Kumgang resort regions.

The economic effect of tourism in the DPRK is significant. In 2018, 200,000 foreign tourists visited DPRK, largely bolstered by Chinese tourists. In 2015, DPRK Leader Kim Jong-un established an ambitious goal of attracting 1 million tourists per year to visit Wonsan. While Kangwon needs significant resources and development to achieve this goal, there are opportunities to be tapped.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:37 AM

Roadmap Components

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:44 AM

Roadmap Components

There are six areas which need to be developed to fully support Kangwon’s tourism growth, namely infrastructure, tourism facilities, production, retail, talent grooming and tourism promotion. They could be seen as the building blocks of tourism development.

There are both thematic linkages and inter-linkages between each component. While the development of each area (e.g. infrastructure and retail) could be separate projects or trends, they are mutually reinforcing (e.g. supply chain development), and together benefits the growth of the tourism core.

The goal of the economic roadmap is to identify the linkages between each component and find ways to grow and strengthen these linkages.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 04:44 AM

How can tourism infrastructure act as an enabler for dialogue and exchanges?

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:16 AM

Summer 2021 design studio at Singapore University of Technology and Design.

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:17 AM

Starting 18 May

Calvin Chua — 2021.5.14 03:37 AM
강원개발계획

강원개발계획

온라인, 생성대화

평화 구축 프로세스로서 북한 도(道) 지역과 교류하고 개발하다

개요

기념비적인 수도 평양을 넘어, 북한의 도(道) 지역은 지난 10년 동안 도시 및 정책 실험의 현장이었다. 북한 정부는 경제특구를 통해 도 지역 개발에 상당한 국가 자원을 투입해왔다. 특히 강원도의 경우 원산갈마 반도 및 동해안 지역 도시들의 관광 기반시설 개발이 그 중심에 있었다.

강원 지역 개발을 바탕으로, 조선 익스체인지는 2013년 말부터 해당 지역의 경제 정책 및 도시 개발을 주제로 교육 프로그램을 진행해왔다. ‘강원개발계획’은 조선 익스체인지의 최근 프로젝트로, 강원 지역의 5개년 교류및 개발 로드맵을 발전시키는 것이 목표이다. 캘빈 추아가 이끌고 알리샤 박과 하워드 푸가 함께 참여하며 스페이셜 아나토미가 지도 제작을 지원한 이번 프로젝트에서는 강원 지역의 산업 개발과 기반 시설의 과제들을 추적한다. 연구 분석 내용을 토대로, 교류 로드맵은 평화 구축의 프로세스로서 강원 지역 개발 및 국제적 협업 플랫폼을 위한 전략을 세운다.

전시 프로그램 참여자

지금/여기

Photo by Davide Giacometti

Alice Morby — 시민적 도시성 재가동 — 3시간 전

Photo by Davide Giacometti

Alice Morby — 시민적 도시성 재가동 — 3시간 전
Minho Kwon — DMZ, 경계를 걷다 — 어제
Minho Kwon — DMZ, 경계를 걷다 — 어제
Minho Kwon — DMZ, 경계를 걷다 — 어제
Minho Kwon — DMZ, 경계를 걷다 — 어제
Minho Kwon — DMZ, 경계를 걷다 — 어제
Minho Kwon — DMZ, 경계를 걷다 — 어제
Minho Kwon — DMZ, 경계를 걷다 — 어제

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