미래학교
출판 EN

미래학교에게 질문하고 싶으세요? 이 곳을 클릭하세요! (^-^)/

NEW METHODS IN DESIGN FOR THE SOUTH AMERICAN MIGRATION CRISIS

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:41 AM

The Sol y Sombra research project, supported by Umea University, Sweden and led by architects with experience in social projects in Latin America, Russia and the UK, supported by a team of 22 researchers from Europe, the UK, Venezuela, Colombia, the US and Canada. The project generates a knowledge base for design to support civil society and economic and social mobility in the context of the Venezuelan migration crisis in Colombia. According to the latest figures, around 30% of the country’s population are displaced or rely on
frontier economies.

Our aim is to investigate human movement on many scales, from the geopolitical to the everyday and to design systems that aid the situation with digital and physical infrastructure and spatial intervention. GFU: Sol y Sombra sheds light on informal value systems, shadow labour and life economies, which had not been visualised before. We used 2GIS data and first-hand accounts, social media networks and data collected by researchers prior to the pandemic, and mapped the information spatially in relation to political borders, geography and the natural environment. The research is focused on three conditions: the frontier between Venezuela and Colombia, typical migrant journeys, and an example arrival city (Barranquilla). The visualisations reveal interesting correlations that suggest solutions, made visible by geolocating data and mapping it in relation to environmental conditions. This research, shared with Future School during the Biennale Architettura 2021, allows us to understand this crisis in some of its complexity, both on a small and a large scale. The next steps are to bring proposals to realisation together with local and transnational NGO partners.

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:56 AM

Xenia Adjoubei, Alejandro Haiek Coll

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:54 AM

ADDRESSING CHALLENGES FACED BY REFUGEE POPULATIONS

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:42 AM

Since 2016, the Global Free Unit has been working with students in Lesvos, Greece at the invitation of NGOs including Lesvos Solidarity, The Office of Displaced Designers and Stand by Me Lesvos. The GFU has worked on projects in Pikpa Open Refugee Camp, Moria Camp and for the wider infrastructure of the island. Students and researchers collaborate closely with displaced populations to develop and realise projects that deal with shelter, education and community as well as heating, cooling, sanitation and water.

In every context, the GFU places an emphasis on celebrating and reinforcing the identity of displaced populations and using this as the basis for its interventions. The GFU also works to provide education and training and access to further education and employment for those involved in the live project classrooms.

Following the closure of Pikpa Camp and the burning down of Moria Camp in 2020, the GFU is investigating alternative ways of engaging with the situation on Lesvos. Their work will be shared within the Global Free Unit workshop and exhibition space within Future School.

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:46 AM

Robert Mull, Catrina Beevor, Mark Pearce, Shareen Elnaschie, Amalia Katopodis, Sangram Shirke, Gaia Crocella, Antigoni Goutakoli

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:53 AM

The Mytilene lighthouse looking out to Turkey. 
The north Aegean island of Lesvos in Greece was thrown into the limelight in 2015 as a major crossing point for people seeking asylum in Europe. More than 500,000 people transited through the island in 2015 alone, arriving by sea from Turkey. More than 2,000 people have lost their lives to date making the dangerous crossing to Greece in pursuit of safety and refuge. 
Photo by Enayat Foladi.

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

Lesvos quickly became synonymous with Moria Hotspot, the shame of Europe’s migration response. Moria camp, originally intended to temporarily host up to 3,000 people, uncontrollably sprawled into the surrounding olive groves. By early 2020, more than 21,000 people were sheltering in Moria’s shadows. Photo by Iulia Cistelecan

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

An estimated 70.8 million people are currently displaced worldwide. Image by Iulia Cistelecan

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

Inspired by the ancient Silk Road, Yoko Xie’s project, Bio Roads, proposes a civic recycling system based on the idea of commons, aiming to enable human mobility through the co-production of spaces that generate a network of friendships. This proposal works against the existing trans-national infrastructures that control capital circulation at the cost of the environment and human rights.

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

The Lesvos-Turkey crossing in section, by Isabella Hermansson.

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

Accommodation typologies- Lesvos has a disproportionate number of people hosted in tents. Image by Amanda Jönsson

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

When people have experienced the trauma of a disaster, of loosing everything, yes you can give them a shelter, an item, a tent - that doesn't solve their life, give them any dignity or empower them. Humanitarian shelter is a process; people come with skill capacity; what we are trying to do in humanitarian shelter is a process of exchange, giving them the opportunity to build themselves their own homes.  Crystal Whitaker, CARE International

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

Moria evolution: 2015-2020. by Iulia Cistelecan

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

Based on the case of Moria, (IN)FORMAL REFUGE: Re-thinking The Refugee Camp is a design and research project by Iulia Cistelecan that investigates the transient setting of refugee camps. It proposes and incremental planning method reassembling the traditional Arab courtyard to generate a safe refuge from the moment of arrival to departure.

Amalia Katopodis — 3주 전

SUPPORT FOR SYRIAN REFUGEES TRAPPED IN TURKEY

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:48 AM

The Izmir Classroom responds to and supports the large number of Syrian refugees who are trapped in Turkey following the EU Turkey agreement and the closure of the refugee route into Greece. GFU students and researchers work in two contexts, firstly within Basmane, a district in the centre of Izmir, and also in the numerous farm camps around Izmir where refugees work as migrant labour on private farms. In both contexts, the refugees live in appalling conditions and are subject to exploitation by private landlords.

Refugees have limited or no access to medical services and education and often face exploitative landlords, hostility and violence. GFU Izmir works in partnership with the Tiafi Community Centre and
Tribe Projects Turkey, providing support with housing,
sanitation infrastructure, health and education. The research generated by this Classroom will be presented to visitors of Future School in Venice and Future School Online.

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:49 AM

Robert Mull, Kelli Scott, Anne O’Rourke, Dolf Jan Hendrik te Lintelo, Hanif Mohamed Kara, H. Meltem Ö. Gürel, Ayselin Gozde Yildiz Oguzalp, Amalia Katapodis, Sangram Shirke, Antigoni Goutakoli

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:54 AM

Afternoon sun in the Basmane neighbourhood in Izmir, Turkey. Basmane is a low-income historic neighbourhood where many refugees attempt to make a new home from within displacement. Photo by Elizabeth Cunningham.

Ella Nystrom — 4주 전

A Syrian family 2021. Drawing by Gabriella Magnusson.

Ella Nystrom — 4주 전
Maja Bygden — 4주 전

In Turkey, 98 percent of the displaced population resides, not in camps, but in urban and peri-urban conditions. Here in the Tepecik neighbourhood, Izmir. Photo by Elizabeth Cunningham

Maja Bygden — 4주 전
Maja Bygden — 3주 전

Mapping of the urban fabric of Basmane, Izmir. Drawing by Hannah Ullhamre.

Ella Nystrom — 3주 전
Ella Nystrom — 3주 전

The home of a Syrian family in Izmir. Drawing by Maja Bygdén and Ella Nyström.

Ella Nystrom — 3주 전

Keepsakes: plastic bag, key, t-shirt and a bread template. Drawing by Kiia Nummenpalo.

Ella Nystrom — 3주 전

Dönertaş Sebili, Konak, Izmir. Built by İsmail Rahmi Efendi in 1814.

Maja Bygden — 3주 전

Zones regulating new development in the city of Izmir. Drawing by Ida Holmlund.

Maja Bygden — 3주 전

A brief overview of a long history. Drawing by Kiia Nummenpalo.

Maja Bygden — 3주 전

Collaborating through technology. Documenting a street in Basmane using photogrammetry. Drawing by Maja Bygdén and Ella Nyström from footage by Izmir Explorer.

Maja Bygden — 3주 전

Inhabiting a gap at 1030 Sok. Kubilay, Mahallesi, Izmir. Drawing by Ella Nyström and Maja Bygdén. Stock photo by Izmir Explorer: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCD9clPtpOTsz7PPrm2JpafQ.

Ella Nystrom — 3주 전

Pocket spaces in Basmane. Drawing by Lisa Bengtsson , Maja Bygdén, Paulin Eriksson, Hanna Fransman, Emmilie Haglund, Karl Lind, Ella Nyström, Emelie Vänman, Mine Acar, Oğuz Bodur and Ghazaleh Ghassapour.

Ella Nystrom — 3주 전

Downtown Basmane with the Ancient Smyrna Agora, Basmane Train Station and Anafartalar Market Street. Basmane Train Station connects Izmir to eastern Turkey and is therefore the point of arrival for many Syrian refugees. Drawing by Emmelie Haglund.

Ella Nystrom — 3주 전

Less than 1% of buildings in the area Aziziye provide public services. Drawing by Azad Ashari.

Ella Nystrom — 3주 전

(IN)Formal Refuge: The Arrival City is a design and research project by Iulia Cistelecan that investigates the informal Gecekondu neighbourhoods of Izmir City. The proposal is for an Incremental Housing & Infrastructure scheme aiming to re-locate the double displaced communities of Kadifekale.

Sangram Shirke — 13일 전

Ödemiş Women's Cooperative, Ruritage and Meslek Fabrikası are three initiatives to increase women’s participation in the labour force in Izmir, focusing on education and craft. Drawing by Hanna Ullhamre

Maja Bygden — 11일 전

A mapping of Sport Facilities within or close to the Konak district in Izmir. Drawing By Carl Sandberg.

Maja Bygden — 11일 전

A Treasure Map. Drawing by Kiia Nummenpalo

Maja Bygden — 11일 전

Drawing of a house in Basmane by Kiia Nummenpalo

Maja Bygden — 11일 전

Basmane streetscape views by Leman Ozgur + Merve Celebi

Perin Cun — 9일 전

Reimagining [Kadifekale] Basmane: "Culture Pots" by Jale Sari + Oguz Bodur proposes a much-needed public green space that carries traces of different existing cultures in the neighborhood.

Perin Cun — 9일 전

"Catalytic Station" by Pinar Engur + Yigit Inan transforms selected points in the neighborhood into children's playgrounds through a sustainable approach.

Perin Cun — 9일 전

Start-up center project by Mine Acar + Shayan Zulfiqar, plan diagrams. Spatial arrangement of the building is designed according to three main goals the center aspires to achieve: 1. Learning, 2. Interaction, 3. Action.

Perin Cun — 9일 전

Izmir, both a transit city and a destination for migrants. Drawing by Karl Lind

Maja Bygden — 8일 전

Different project ideas shown together in [Kadifekale] Basmane by Zeynep Seymen + Zeynep Komur

Perin Cun — 9일 전

Mind The Gap: The ceramic workshop as an infill-plot, connecting two neighborhoods in Basmane, Izmir. Project by Karl Lind, Umeå School of Architecture.

Maja Bygden — 8일 전

Memory-places: Reconstructing the fragmented identities - Image: Drawing of the memories and objects a Syrian family has of their home that once was. A starting point for the thesis. Project by: Kiia Nummenpalo

Sangram Shirke — 8일 전

Memory-places: Reconstructing the fragmented identities - Image:The hand drawn ruins placed at their location in Basmane. Project by: Kiia Nummenpalo

Sangram Shirke — 8일 전

PLASTICITY: Investigates how issues of plastic pollution in informal settlements could be innovated into quality building materials and hands-on education on the top of Kadifekale mountain in Izmir, Turkey. Project by Johan Vonkavaara

Maja Bygden — 8일 전

Urban Networks. Image: The center, seen from the pedestrian bridge, picturing spaces for the production of building elements, work training, start-up, learning, and public events. Project by: Ida Holmlund

Sangram Shirke — 8일 전

Urban Networks. Image: ection, facing west, through one of Izmir's central city nodes. The site is surrounded by the diverse housing and historical area of Basmane to the south, and to its north one can find parks and the neighborhood of Kahramanlar. Project by: Ida Holmlund

Sangram Shirke — 8일 전

Urban Networks. Image: Site plan showing how the new buildings could relate to the existing urban fabric and its users. The architectural elements introduced on-site creates spaces for public and private outdoor, and indoor production, work and, learning activities. Project by: Ida Holmlund

Sangram Shirke — 8일 전

tune in today...

Maja Bygden — 8일 전

RESPONDING TO URGENT NEEDS IN RURAL REFUGEE SETTLEMENTS

Jonatan Urpiala — 4주 전

The region of Torbali is a prominent contributor to Turkey’s industrial agriculture sector, exporting billions of dollars worth of goods every year. Torbali is a town of approximately 200,000 inhabitants that attracts thousands of seasonal workers every year, many of which are refugees. The labor consists mostly of manual field- and factory work, a witnessed exploitive business that offers little to no rights for the workers. 

Since the increased arrival of Syrian migrants, beginning in 2011, many migrants have engaged in the agricultural sector since they are confronted with few alternatives of a source of income. This influx of workforce further becomes a competitive force on the agricultural market, dropping wages in relation to the previous workforce (primarily Turkish and Kurdish) and in turn undermining the workers’ position in relation to their employers, the farmers. This hierarchy is further enhanced when migrant communities, in lack of official and affordable alternatives, choose to reside in substandard tent settlements. These are usually located directly on or in the periphery of the fields the communities are working in to minimize transportation costs. The land is rented by the farmer, further contributing to a situation of dependency. 

The urgent situation for refugees in Torbali is supported through various voluntary initiatives, such as the Tribes project and through TIAFI Community center. The main focus is to improve living conditions and offer help for communities that many times lack proper access to clean drinking water, medical aid, sanitation facilities, legal status, etc. 

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전
Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

A mapping of previously occupied farm-camp locations, in the district of Torbali, Izmir. In close proximity to seasonal agricultural labour, temporary farm camps has been an alternative way for many refugees to organize collectively outside of the urban areas in the region. Drawing by: Jonatan Urpiala

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

Satellite view of a Farm Camp in Torbali region, Izmir. Photo: Google Earth

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

Farm camps are organised in different ways depending on location, but common apperance are clusters of tent structures, occupation of abandoned farmhouses or smaller sheds or buildings. Drawing by Group 4, Atlas Mappings, Umeå School of Architecture

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

Due to economical restrains, among other things, inventive construction strategies are essential to create functional, low-cost shelter within Farm - Camps. Photo: Whit Project

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

Analysis of function, use and technical configuration of a Tent as appearing within Farm Camps in the Torbali region. Drawing by Group 4, Atlas mapping, Umeå School of Architecture

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

A mapping of a family journey and possible space for intervention. Drawing by Samuel Höljman

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

Retrofitted inhabitation of abandoned Farmhouses, using low - cost materials and strategies to improve living standards within the houses. Drawing by Group 4: Samuel Höljman, Carl Sandberg, Azad Ashari, Jesper Ullbring, Simratpreet Singh, Pauline Damgaard, Birger Ekstedt, Jonatan Urpiala,

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

A mapping of the transformation of a Farm camp over time. Drawing by Jonatan Urpiala

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

A framework of Possibilities. A lightweight, cost - efficient and transformable structure intended for Farm-camp use. Student project by Birger Ekstedt/ Pauline Damgaard

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

Snap Shot of a Farm camp. A temporary urban configuration created by a Refugee community. Photo: Whit Project

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

The need for a sustainable access to essential infrastructure, such as access to clean water, is urgent within many farm camps. Lack of proper sanitation due to this is a critical problem amongst many. Drawing by Simraatpreet Singh

Jonatan Urpiala — 3주 전

Plan drawing of process proposal, exploring alternative compositions of temporary camp structures. Drawing by Sitegroup 4, The Nitty - Gritty part 1, Umeå School of Architecture.

Jonatan Urpiala — 11일 전

Early process drawing exploring low-tech climate strategies, for rural setting such as in the Torbali Farm Camps. Drawing by Jonatan Urpiala

Jonatan Urpiala — 10일 전

Proposed strategy of gradual construction of temporary low-cost unit. Student project by Samuel Höljman

Jonatan Urpiala — 10일 전

Cross - section highlighting environmental performance and social inhabitation in a dormitory. Student project by Jonatan Urpiala

Jonatan Urpiala — 8일 전

DESIGNING AND CARING FOR REFUGEES

Jonatan Urpiala — 4주 전

Team International for Assistance for Integration Community Centre (TIAFI) is a non-governmental organization founded in 2017 that supports both the refugee and Turkish populations of Izmir with donations from international foundations and private individuals. Since its inception, TIAFI has supplemented the efforts of regional stakeholders by providing integration and social services to both members of the refugee community and impoverished Turkish people in Izmir.

Eager to welcome everyone, regardless of nationality, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, or gender. In order to assist individuals and families, TIAFI offers a number of programmes including a free lunch service, exercise, and movement therapy consultations, legal aid, social and medical service referrals, and information, and women's and youth development activities. These programmes are facilitated by a small full-time staff who are mostly refugees themselves and a fluctuating number of local and international volunteers.

Increasing economic pressures have led to a rise in discrimination and prejudice from all areas of the Turkish host community and are causing refugees to avoid contact with Turkish people, including authoritative bodies due to a fear of discriminatory treatment. This results in a deficiency in the exchange of information: refugees do not fully learn their rights, benefits, and duties from the government and the government does not receive accurate reporting of abuses and violations of the law against the refugee community. This rising tension between the communities means that in addition to these services, efforts to include our Turkish neighbors are paramount.

The economic effects of the Covid-19 pandemic have lead to a sharp rise in unemployment throughout the city and consequently, there has been a significant increase in the number of Turkish people requesting emergency food aid in particular. While we do our best to meet the immediate needs of our beneficiaries, our ultimate goal which is increasingly difficult is to aid the now long-term Syrian residents of Izmir to integrate into and gain some level of acceptance in the local population.

Jonatan Urpiala — 4주 전
Sangram Shirke — 4주 전

TIAFI Community Center. Photo by Elizabeth Cunningham

Sangram Shirke — 4주 전
Sangram Shirke — 4주 전

Map of Izmir, blue dot marks TIAFI community center. Photo by group E, Amanda Jönsson, Azad Ashari, Ida Holmlund, Kiia Nummenpalo, Pauline Damgaard

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

Map of the neighboring area, blue dot marks TIAFI community center. Photo by group E, Amanda Jönsson, Azad Ashari, Ida Holmlund, Kiia Nummenpalo, Pauline Damgaard

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

3d visualization of TIAFI community center in its nearby context 1. Heavy road traffic 2. Narrow sidewalk 3. Park (hazardous) 4. Foodstands 5. Active street, storefronts and wide sidewalk 6. Yard used by municipality 7. Bus stop. Photo by group E, Amanda Jönsson, Azad Ashari, Ida Holmlund, Kiia Nummenpalo, Pauline Damgaard

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

Plans of TIAFI community center. Rooftop and basement are empty and not shown in these plans. Plans by group E, Amanda Jönsson, Azad Ashari, Ida Holmlund, Kiia Nummenpalo, Pauline Damgaard

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

Divided into groups, the students at Umeå School of Architecture were given the task of helping and creating new opportunities for Tiafi. The various groups created their own strategies that would pave the way for a possible better future for tiafi and its users. The strategies were specified by sub-goals that were to be achieved within a certain time frame, short-term, medium-term and long-term. This was then presented to the incredibly driven staff at Tiafi. Picture by group C, Chiara Lombardi, Ninos Merza, Gabriella Magnusson, Lisa Bengtsson, Hanna Fransman, Simratpreet Singh

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

Another strategy plan from the same task as mentioned above. Axonometric drawing by group B, Samuel Höljman, Ella Nyström, Tanja Marcuz, Linnéa Johansson, Carl Sandberg, Ahmad Alghadban, Maja Bygdén

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

The short-term proposals often included modifying, changing and / or reorganizing the spaces in the building. This was done to improve the conditions inside the building, to control the atmosphere and climate. By improving the floor plans and creating zones for different types of activities, and often rethinking the circulation, cheap and incredibly effective changes could be made, already in the first step. Plans by group E, Amanda Jönsson, Azad Ashari, Ida Holmlund, Kiia Nummenpalo, Pauline Damgaard

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

Vizualisations from plan above. Vizualisations by group E, Amanda Jönsson, Azad Ashari, Ida Holmlund, Kiia Nummenpalo, Pauline Damgaard

Sangram Shirke — 3주 전

TEACHING ARCHITECTURE TO YOUNG OFFENDERS IN PRISON

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:50 AM

Seeds Education is a Global Free Unit Classroom based in Her Majesty’s Prison/Young Offender Institution (HMP/YOI) Wetherby, West Yorkshire UK.

We believe that education changes lives. No matter a person’s background or life choices, education enables growth and transformation. Seeds Education
works in collaboration with education providers, universities and other designers, manufacturers, and creatives to teach programmes in art, architecture and design.

Seeds Education delivers arts-based programmes that allow students to engage imaginatively with their surroundings. The artistic process develops the learner’s creative, evaluative and collaborative capabilities, whilst encouraging spontaneity, ingenuity and new ways of thinking. A flexible approach to learning allows the Classroom to be fine-tuned to meet the individual needs and artistry of our students.

The Classroom’s work will be shared with visitors to Future School through an exhibition in Venice and in Future School Online. ‘If education is the engine of social mobility, it is also the engine of prisoner rehabilitation.’ Dame Sally Coates.

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:52 AM

Robert Mull, Karl Lenton, Claire Shepherd, Molly Hayward, Andrew Dickinson, Craig Lowe, Kirstin Barnes, Tim Leigh, Ben Callender, Andy Dye, Jonathan Leathley, Young Adults at HMP/YOI Wetherby

제니아 아드주베이 — 2021.5.12 10:53 AM

Seeds Education Logo

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Seeds Education 1

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Measure

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Measure 1

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Measure 2

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Measure 3

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Measure 4

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 1

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 2

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 3

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 4

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 5

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 6

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 7

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 8

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 9

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 10

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 11

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Record 12

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Exhibit 1

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Exhibit 2

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Exhibit 5

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Exhibit 3

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Exhibit 6

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Rotl 1

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Rotl 2

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Rotl 3

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전

Partners 2

칼 렌턴 — 3주 전
글로벌 프리 유닛 (GFU)

글로벌 프리 유닛 (GFU)

베니스, 온라인, 워크숍

미래학교에 공유되는 전 세계 라이브 프로젝트 ‘교실’

개요

‘전 지구’, ‘자유’라는 용어의 비판적 이해에 중심을 둔 글로벌 프리 유닛은 21세기 건축 교육을 위한 새로운 의제를 제시한다. 적극적인 시민이자 신진 실무가로서, GFU의 학생들은 대학 교육의 전형을 따르는 대신 라이브 프로젝트인 ‘교실들’을 찾아간다. ‘교실'이라고하는 프로젝트는 난민 수용소에서 버려진 도심지, 감옥, 비무장지대, 이주 센터, 인구 격감의 농촌 공동체에 이르기까지 다양한 맥락에 바탕을 둔다.
GFU의 핵심 의도는 가치 개념을 급진적으로 재구성하는 것이다. 현재의 교육 구조는 경쟁, 개인주의, 이익 추구를 우선시하며, 사회 역시 이를 반영하게 된다. GFU는학생 자신의 원칙과 삶의 경험에 중점을 두어 가치의 재편을 중재하고 있다.

GFU 그림자와 빛: 남아메리카 이주 위기를 위한 새로운 디자인
‘그림자와 빛' 연구 프로젝트는 유럽, 영국, 베네수엘라, 콜롬비아, 미국과 캐나다의 지원을 받은 22명의 연구자로 구성된 팀에 의해 진행된 연구 프로젝트였는데, 이들은 라틴아메리카와 러시아, 영국에서의 사회적 프로젝트 수행 경험이 있는 건축가들이었다. 프로젝트는 콜롬비아에서 발생한 베네수엘라 이주 위기에 있어서 시민사회, 경제적이고 사회적 이동을 지원하기 위한 디자인 지식에 기반한다.
이들의 목표는 지정학적인 것으로부터 일상에 이르기까지 다양한 스케일로 진행되는 인간의 이동을 연구하는 것인데, 이는 디지털과 물리적 기반시설 그리고 공간 개입을 위한 시스템을 디자인하기 위함이다. GFU: 그림자와 빛은 이전에는 드러나지 않았던 노동과 생활경제의 그늘, 비공식적인 가치 체계에 빛을 비추고자 한다. 이들은 2GIS 데이터와 직접들은 이야기들, 소셜 미디어네트워크, 그리고 대유행 이전에 연구자들이 직접 수집한 데이터를 사용했으며, 정치적 경계, 지리적 환경 및 자연 환경과 관련하여 공간적으로 정보를 매핑했다. 연구는 세 가지 조건에 초점을 맞추고 있는데, 베네수엘라와 콜롬비아 사이의 국경, 전형적인 이주 여행, 그리고 도착 도시 예(콜롬비아 북부 항구도시인 바랑키아)에 초점을맞추고 있다. 지오로케이션(사용자위치정보탐색) 데이터를 환경 조건에 매핑함으로써 시각화되고, 이를 통해 제안된 솔루션은 이들 사이의 흥미로운 상관관계를 보여준다. 2021 베니스 비엔날레 국제건축전 한국관 <미래학교>를 통해 공유되는 이러한 연구는, 그러한 위기를 크고 작은 복잡성 사이에서 이해하도록 한다. 다음 단계는 프로젝트의실현을 위해 지역적이고 초국가적 기구인 NGO 파트너들과 함께하는 것이다.

GFU 레스보스 교실: 난민 인구가 직면한 난제들을 다루다
2016년 이후 글로벌 프리 유닛은 NGO ‘레스보스 연대’의 초청과 ‘이주 디자이너 사무소’의 도움으로, GFU가 ‘픽파 열린 난민 캠프’와 ‘모리아 캠프’ 두 곳과의 협업을 진행해왔다. 픽파 캠프에서는 의료, 심리, 가족 등의 특수한 요구를 지닌 난민들을 지원하는데, 대부분이 ‘희망 프로젝트’나 ‘베터 데이스 포 모리아’ 등 레스보스 내 다른 캠프에서 위탁된 이들이다. 모든 맥락에서, GFU는 실향민들의 정체성을 기리고 강화하는 데 중점을 두고 있으며, 이를 개입의 기반으로 사용한다. GFU는 또한 실시간 프로젝트 강의실에 참여하는 사람들을 위한 교육, 훈련 및 추가 교육에 대한 접근 권한을 제공하기 위해 노력하고 있다. GFU는2020년 픽파캠프가 폐쇄되고 모리아캠프가 전소된 데 이어 레스보스에 대한 대응 방안을 조사하고 있다.

GFU 웨더비 교실: 청소년 수감자에게 건축을 가르치다
Seeds 교육 프로그램은 영국 웨스트요크셔주 웨더비의 여왕 폐하 교도소/젊은 범죄자 협회에 소재한 GFU 교실이다. 우리는 교육이 삶을 바꾼다고 믿는다. 개인의 배경이나 삶의 선택과 상관없이, 교육은 성장과 변화를 가능하게 한다. Seeds 교육 프로그램은 교육 제공자, 대학 및 기타 디자이너, 제조업체 및 크리에이티브와 협력하여 예술, 건축 및 디자인 프로그램을 교육한다.
Seeds 교육 프로그램은 학생들이 주변 환경에 상상적으로 참여할 수 있도록 하는 예술 기반의 프로그램을 제공한다, 예술적 과정은 자발성, 독창성, 그리고 새로운 사고방식을 장려하면서 학습자의 창조적, 평가적, 협력적능력을 발달시킨다. 유연한 학습 접근 방식을 통해 강의실은 학생들의 개별적인 요구와 예술성을 충족하도록 미세조정할 수 있다. 강의실의 결과물은 베니스와 미래학교 온라인에서의 전시를 통해 방문객들과 공유될 예정이다. ‘교육이 사회 이동의 원동력이라면, 그것은 또한 죄수 재활의 원동력이기도 하다.’
–샐리 코츠 경

GFU 이즈미르 교실: 터키에 갇힌 시리아 난민들을 지원하다
이즈미르 교실은 EU-터키 난민 합의와 그리스행 난민 루트 폐쇄로 터키에 갇힌 수많은 시리아 난민들에게 응답해 지원을 제공한다. GFU 학생들의 작업에는 두 가지 배경맥락이 있다. 이즈미르 도심의 바스마네 지구와 이즈미르외곽의 수많은 농장 캠프가 그것이다. 후자의 경우 난민들은 이민 노동력으로서 개인 소유의 농장들에서 일한다. 두 가지 상황에서 모두 난민들은 경악할 환경에서 생활하며 개인 지주들의 착취를 받고 있다.
난민들에게는 의료 서비스와 교육에 대한 접근이 제한되어 있거나 아예 불가능하며, 때로는 적개심과 폭력과도 마주한다. GFU 이즈미르는 주거, 위생, 인프라, 보건, 교육지원을 제공하는 신설 자선단체인 ‘트라이브 터키’와 손잡고 작업을 진행한다.

전시 프로그램 참여자

지금/여기

Workers blocking the street during a protest in Vicenza. May 2021

코린 마졸리 — 베니스 운영팀: 라군 다이얼로그 — 어제

Maestranze dello Spettacolo Veneto during the protest at La Fenice Theatre. June 2021

코린 마졸리 — 베니스 운영팀: 라군 다이얼로그 — 어제

Demonstration in front of La Fenice Theatre in Venice. June 2021

코린 마졸리 — 베니스 운영팀: 라군 다이얼로그 — 어제

Venetian workers from art and cultural sector, protesting during lockdown. May 2020

코린 마졸리 — 베니스 운영팀: 라군 다이얼로그 — 어제

AWI (Art Workers Italia) during the occupation of the Piccolo Teatro in Milan. April 2021

코린 마졸리 — 베니스 운영팀: 라군 다이얼로그 — 어제

Screenshot from the Dialogues #002 - Lunch at Korean Pavilion

코린 마졸리 — 베니스 운영팀: 라군 다이얼로그 — 어제

New Project from Officina Marghera and Architetture Precarie

코린 마졸리 — 베니스 운영팀: 라군 다이얼로그 — 어제

Pandemic and Mechanical Surveillance_Alex Taek-Gwang Lee

미래학교 — 학교의 미래학 — 어제

전시 프로그램

미래학교