Future School
Publications 한글


Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 12:26 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 06:39 PM

What does disaster mean to you?

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 01:34 PM

The term ‘disaster’ today requires a much needed rethinking. Historically and colloquially, the psychology behind disasters is that they are chaotic, instant, with great ramifications enacted in a sliver of moments. Think ‘the day before tomorrow’ or any post-apocalyptic movie you have seen before, the disasters we are all too familiar with- usually lasting minutes to hours and perhaps a few days if the runtime allows.

The term ‘natural disaster’ is an even sinister one, capturing the minds of neoliberal, hyper capitalist thought. Blaming ‘nature’ amidst great shock (especially for the weak, have nots, etc) invites the human or more than human institutions to ‘take charge’ and reform from the calamity.

However, contrary to contemporary imaginations of disaster, much evidence to suggest that our definition of disasters is far lacking, if not harmful to our understanding of our ecology. The origins or beginnings of disasters usually occur over geological or deep time, sometimes passing invisibly for generations until it is too late to stop. And while general optics suggest disasters affect everyone, sociological research in disasters suggest nearly opposite. One only needs to look at disasters such as Katrina, or the instances of disasters in regions like Louisiana's cancer alley.

Disasters filter for social stratification whether it means to or not, because in a crisis it is usually the have nots that suffer, and white opportunity strikes for those already grasping power. In 2020-2021 the world's 10 richest men became 540 billion dollars richer as families lost their businesses, jobs, and lives.

2021 calls for a serious examination and redefinition of the notion of disasters. Disasters as evidence of massive climate change, and disasters as results of our relationship with our industrial, political, and ecological systems. What future imaginaries will the notion of disaster hold?

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:36 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:17 PM

Slow Futures Laboratory presents the Slow Disaster Program, a 2 month long experimental education program addressing our ignored, hidden, and forgotten relationship with disaster in the anthropocene. The program will feature 2-3 week workshops from a diverse set of artists and designers redefining our relationship with nature,technology, and ourselves in an era of disaster.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 01:35 PM

Figure 9 Disaster Renactment, Kickoff

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:07 PM

“It is generally accepted among environmental geographers that there is no such thing as a natural disaster. In every phase and aspect of a disaster... the contours of disaster and the difference between who lives and who dies is to a greater or lesser extent a social calculus.”

-N. Smith, There's No Such Thing as a Natural Disaster

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 01:16 PM

Program Organizers: Tony Cho, Jeong Hyeyoon
Archiving: Choi Hyewon
Graphic Design: Han Haeji
Workshop Instruction: Choi Binna (Unmake Lab), Lee Jiyun (Deuls), Choi Hyewon (Deuls), Joo Daeun (Deuls), Oh Jooyoung, Kim Daecheon

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 06:50 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 12:19 PM

Where in your everyday walk of life do see facsimiles of nature?

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 01:55 PM

Generic Nature is a concept that addresses the particularly idiosyncratic appearance of contemporary nature,which has been extracted and reconstructed according to human purposes. This type of nature goes beyond simply referring to an artificially created nature, including the transformation and rebirth of its extractive desires through certain techniques to form our senses. In the Anthropocene, generic nature’s unassuming and hidden quality lives on, concealed within the human strata. In this workshop we will map the landscape of generic nature and build a dataset for understanding this phenomena.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:08 PM

Image 1

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:41 PM

Artist duo, Unmake Lab, shared an exploration of the 'natural' landscapes of man-made Korea. In the lecture, they demonstrated humanity's instinctual bias toward an artificially 'natural' view of nature, explaining the strange familiarity and psychological comfort of these artificially created landscapes. Unmake Lab also explored the contradictions we have about concepts surrounding "nature" as objects of management for humans and the artificial romanticization of such managed territories.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:45 PM

Image 2

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:47 PM

Alongside the lecture Unmake Lab conducted a short performance on ways in which AI recognizes and values nature. Using computer vision, Unmake Lab shows how artificial intelligence views perceive and interpret things in classifying zebra-patterned cloths into zebras, hats, or blankets. Finally, participants shared the types generic nature that can be found around us.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:53 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:35 PM

figure 22 essay, generic nature

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:36 PM

figure 23 site survey, generic nature

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:36 PM

Figure 24 site survey 2, generic nature

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:37 PM

Lecture & Performance: Unmake Lab

Essay by: 최영금

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 06:35 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 12:29 PM

How can urban ecosystems support non-human species?

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:06 PM

Cities as ecosystems embed themselves to various forms of life and coexistence. The concept (deul) is about reappropriating humans as one species of a larger ecosystem.The concept of "(deul)", which began with an attempt to observe invisible networks, implies an ecology that is closely intertwined through an invisible network of beings, from rats that live on the scent of a city in an environment surrounded by skyscrapers, cars, and garbage dumped on the ground to an increasingly dark urban pigeon. What is it to be (deul) in their own world? What constitutes the environmental world 'umwelt' in the world of (deul) and what does coexistence mean in it? In the context of the city where hidden worlds of (deul) and (deul) belonging to a genetically determined special environment overlap in various ways, we ask the question: what is an urban ecosystem?

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:09 PM

Figure 3 Synanthrope Reinterpretation, Invisible Seoul(s)

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:57 PM

A synanthrope is a member of a species of wild animal or plant that lives near, and benefits from, an association with human beings and the somewhat artificial habitats that people create around themselves.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:58 PM

Figure 4 Field Survey, Invisible Seoul(s)

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:01 PM

Team Deul presented their findings on invisible urban networks, ecology and urban environments by creatively exploring how non-human species exist in the city. The activities of the theme were divided into three.

The first activity was to understand the city as a habitat for various kinds of plants and animals, also known as Synanthrope.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:59 PM

Figure 5 Roleplaying, Invisible Seouls

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:04 PM

In the last activity, participants imagined a new kind of Synanthrope that can exists in such urban spaces- asking participants how these new creatures would react through role playing exercises.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:03 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.7.19 12:22 PM

Workshop Instruction: Team Deuls

Tony Cho — 2021.7.19 12:24 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 12:31 PM

What stories of disasters are worth telling and retelling?

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:06 PM

What kind of novels will AI write if they learn the real-life news? Viruses are alienating individuals in different ways from previous disasters, creating hierarchical discord, and threatening the entire planet in an invisible way. In this project, we look back on past disasters in order to understand the current situation of disasters. However, disaster begins with the literature left by the living writings of those who lived through that era. Based on the disasters written on numerous Korean literary data, we are going to produce the news of each era's experience-based disasters based on stories created by the AI platform & AI, to test how we can understand the situation we face through descriptions of personal experiences and ask again what the power of literary reproduction is. Through these stories added to the disaster, I would like to take time to newly sympathize with and understand the stories of irreversible disasters and further reinterpret how the foundation of Korean disasters can be read in the present disaster

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:09 PM

Figure 6 Zoom Meeting, Disaster Storytelling

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:07 PM

Participants in the disaster storytelling workshop were asked to write short stories that represented what disaster meant to them. Participants wrote dialogues between two fictional characters in their stories. These stories were then added to a AI database to generate random conversational dialogue.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:08 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:09 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 06:46 PM

Workshop Instruction: Oh Jooyoung

Script: Lee Hayoung

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 06:46 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.19 04:05 AM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.19 04:06 AM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.19 04:06 AM

Story written by: Lee Hwa Young

1] 내가 생각하는 재난이란?
=생물이 살아 갈 수 없는 공간이 되는 것

Specific Research Subject: Insect Decline

[Why we all need to learn to love insects | Dave Goulson | TEDxBratislava (2020)]

영상 요약:
곤충 종의 조용한 멸종이 진행되고 있다.
독일 연구진은 1985년부터 2015년까지 malaise trap 을 설치하여 잡히는 곤충의 weight을 측정하였으며, 30년 간 75%의 곤충 수가 줄어들었음을 확인함
많은 생물 종이 곤충을 먹이 자원으로 사용하고 있으며, 식물의 수분(pollination)의 주체로 활동하고 있음
곤충이 멸종되면, 우리는 많은 식물과 동물의 co-extiction을 피할 수 없을 것임
곤충 멸종의 원인은 크게 habitat loss(서식지 상실) 및 살충제 사용임

[Worldwide decline of the entomofauna : a review of its drivers (2019)]

논문 요약:
곤충은 지구 생물 다양성의 가장 큰 영역을 차지 하고 있으며, 급속한 종 감소를 경험하고 있음.
곤충이 생태계 작동에 있어 큰 역할을 수행하고 있는 바, 곤충 종의 멸종은 전체 생태계의 붕괴를 초래할 것으로 보고 있다.

곤충의 생태계 기능

  1. 수분 (pollination)
  2. 먹이 자원
  3. 영양분 재활용
  4. 분해 작용

곤충 멸종의 drivers

  1. 서식지 변화/상실
    땅의 용도 변경, 구획화, 도시화, 삼림파괴
    서식지 변화로, specialists 곤충의 멸종 및 인간의 인공적인 환경에 적응한 generalists 종이 번성함
  2. 살충제 사용 및 오염
    농경지 및 생활용품으로 무분별한 살충제를 사용하고 있음
    식물체들이(e.g. in pollen) 살충제를 포함하고 있어 곤충들의 멸종을 초래함
  3. 생물학적 요인
    무분별한 살충제 사용으로 인해 면역력이 떨어져 기생체 및 병원균에 취약함
    insect biological control 의 이름으로 도입된 외래 종으로 인한 지역 종의 멸종 by competitive displacement or direct predation and parastism
  4. 기후 변화
    특정 온도에 특화된 종의 번성 및 낮은 온도에 특화된 종들의 멸종

2] 희곡

제목: 변신
상황: 날씨 좋은 봄날 무화과 밭
인물: 그레고룰루(무화과 말벌에서 갑각곤충으로 변신한 자), 그레타거위(무화과말벌, 그레고룰루의 동생)
사건: 무화과 말벌 그레고룰루가 어느날 갑자기 갑각곤충으로 변신
주제: 무화과 수분의 대체 종은 없다.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.19 04:11 AM
Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 12:33 PM

When disaster ends, what echoes follow?

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:07 PM

The disaster echo is a term made to represent a reflection of humanity's past disasters. The workshop aims to understand the haunting nature of the disaster echo and work past it through self-awareness. This workshop will include listening, reading, dictating, writing, speaking, map drawing, body acting, as we will practice techniques for mental health and psychological stability in disaster situations. Both dictating a past disaster and awaring oneself with body and words.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 02:10 PM

Figure 7 Setting Up, Disaster Echo

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:14 PM

Disaster Echo, the final workshop of the disaster program, gravitated toward the slowness with which the impact of disasters make on individuals. Beginning with the screening of the documentary "Apologies Sampoong" which discusses the series of traumas that occurred after the collapse of the Sampoong Department Store in 1995. Throughout the workshop, Kim Daecheon & the participants focused on the tragedy of disasters and sometimes the impossible task of healing from such tragedies. A lecture on how disasters can cause trauma, and the reverberations and repercussions of disasters was followed up by a vocal performance by Kim Daecheon.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:17 PM

Figure 8 Kinetic Exercise, Disaster Echo

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:19 PM

Releasing, unlearning, and finding embodied traumas was the final activity for this workshop. Participants were asked to move their bodies in however way they saw fit, to understand the physical toll trauma can have.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 03:22 PM
Tony Cho — 2021.7.19 12:41 PM

Workshop Instruction: Kim Daecheon

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 06:47 PM

Figure 11 Disaster Card, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:26 PM

The Database of Disasters

This database is a live database for recording the various types of disasters and the ways in which they encapsulate slowness.

For additions send us mail at slowfutureslab@gmail.com

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:31 PM

figure 10 Drought, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:26 PM

What is it: Drought is the prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall leading to a shortage of water. The IDRU has identified drought as a major sign of Slow Disaster on spaceship earth due to it's risk for catalyzing mass migration. It's primary malfunction is the desertification of land leading to potentially hazardous number of forced migrations in the future.

Geography: Drought is most affected in the African region, especially in the African Horn.

For more information (https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/event/88589/long-term-drought-in-africa)

Cause/catalyst: Cause for drought in the African horn relates to climate change attribution. As spaceship earth's internal temperature rises the African zone, which is already known to hold the deepest layer of intense heating on Earth will only grow hotter. This aridness has a direct correlation to a decline in agriculture and is the reason for the emerging food crisis in the area.

Potential cascade effects: Adverse climate conditions throughout multiple zones on spaceship earth is projected to lead to 140,000,000 migrations by 2050[1]. Consequences of migration include, violence in effected regions of climate change, 'sudden onset' migrations, and the creation of refugee centers which are prone to bring high levels of poverty, economic vulnerability, and NIMBYism to the hosting zones [2].

[1] Kumari Rigaud, Kanta, Alex de Sherbinin, Bryan Jones, Jonas Bergmann, Viviane Clement, Kayly Ober, Jacob Schewe, Susana Adamo, Brent McCusker, Silke Heuser, and Amelia Midgley. 2018. Groundswell: Preparing for Internal Climate Migration. The World Bank. Pg 2. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/29461

[2] Fajth, V., Bilgili, Ö., Loschmann, C. et al. How do refugees affect social life in host communities? The case of Congolese refugees in Rwanda. CMS 7, 33 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40878-019-0139-1

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:33 PM

Figure 12 Flood, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:38 PM

What is it: Flooding is the overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry. The IDRU has identified flooding as a major sign of Slow Disaster on spaceship earth due to the long lasting and discriminatory outcomes of floods. It's primary malfunction is the destruction of urban infrastructure and the resettlement of the urban poor. In short, floods or the rehabiliation of floods have a very high susceptibility toward discriminatory practice of zoning and moving populations around.

Geography: Flooding is a global phenomenon, occuring everywhere in the world. However the North America and Asia zones maintain the highest levels of risk when it comes to flooding.

Cause/catayst: The main cause of floods and their effects is the occupation of high risk lands & population growth of spaceship Earth[1]. Not only that the damage incurred from flooding is result of marginalization, poverty, and deprivation of communities globally[2].

Potential cascade effects: Like drought, flooding is part of the reasons that project the massive migration by 2050. In areas like Bangladesh, where there are over 230 rivers present in their geography flooding can trap a third of the city underwater. Because flooding can actually have positive effects (farming, agriculture, sustenance) and it's negative effects be adjusted (levees, dams, rezoning), many times flooding is susceptible to the corrupt use of power. Often when flooding occurs, areas of redevelopment can be established usually leaving out the original community from re-entering the land leaving long lasting impact. For example, public housing and public schools were demolished for private schools and corporate housing which meant that the original victims of Hurricane Katrina (2007) were forced to move on from their own city to somewhere more affordable [3].

[1]White, Gilbert F. Human adjustment to floods. Chicago, Ill. : University of Chicago, 1945 (DLC)a 45002901 (OCoLC)34845278.

[2]Hewitt K (1983)Interpretations of Calamity. London:Allen and Unwin, 304 pp

[3] https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jul/06/naomi-klein-how-power-profits-from-disaster

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:39 PM

Figure 13 Fine Dust, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:59 PM

What is it: Fine dust consists of tiny particles with diameters of less than 10 micron. Examples of fine dust are soot from diesel vehicles or incinerators. The IDRU has identified Fine dust as a major sign of Slow Disaster on spaceship earth due to it's invisible nature and pervasive health effects on large populations on Spaceship Earth.

Geography: Although fine dust pollution exists globally, generally it is concentrated heavily in Asia.

Cause/catalyst: Two main catalysts exist for the concentration of fine dust. The first being centered around growth dealing with economy, industrialization and urbanization. The next is centered around the incineration of wastes. Data logs show massive air pollution in the 1800s in the European region that coincided with the invention of fossil fuels, engines, and mass production of tools and goods. Today we can see simliar trends concentrating in Asia[1]. With some of the largest coal based power plants being based in the Asia zone it seems Spaceship Earth has yet to tackle the problem, instead opting to monitor it for the time being.

Potential cascade effects: Fine dust has been known to cause premature deaths in the population. Especially for people with pre-existing conditions fine dust can threaten the respriatory system. However the larger cascade effects remain the potential for environmental damage such as the acidification of lakes and other bodies of water, and the damaging of forests and farm crops due to the harmful particulates that can exist in a fine dust cloud. Also another potential cascade effect is the potential for mental harm amongst a large segment of the population.

[1] Morgan, Jules. “Asia's Air: Population Health after Rapid Industrialisation.” The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, vol. 4, no. 12, 2016, pp. 957–958., doi:10.1016/s2213-2600(16)30304-6.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:42 PM

Figure 14 Petrochemical Urbanization

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:01 PM

What is it: Petrochemical urbanization is the urbanization of areas of land that are near industrial sites. Such sites include Cancer Alley, an area that houses a population along the Mississippi River which contains numerous industrials plants. Those who inhabit this 85 mile stretch of land are 16% more likely to develop cancer[1]. The IDRU has identified Petrochemical urbanization as a major sign of Slow Disaster on spaceship earth due to its discriminatory way of enacting disaster.

Geography: Petrochemical urbanization is a global phenomena and can be found everywhere. While there is presumed to be a heavy concetration in Asia, many data sets of this Slow Disaster exist in other zones.

Cause/catayst: Two main catalysts exist for the occurence of petrochemical urbanization. The first is industrialization encourages companies to sell a massive number of resources and things. In the case of Cancel Allley the chromatic air toxins from industrial plants and the socioeconomic fixture of the land the plant inhabits ensure that higher concentration of black communities with low socioeconomic status are left to stay next to these plants that can emit serious harm.

Potential cascade effects: The potential cascade effects of Petrochemical urbanization is the enlarging of disparity between races and socioecomic lines which can lead to social unrest. Not only that but petrochemical urbanization ensures the short lifespace of a large population of people who are forced to live near industrial plants due to financials and social constraints.

[1] Morgan, Jules. “Asia's Air: Population Health after Rapid Industrialisation.” The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, vol. 4, no. 12, 2016, pp. 957–958., doi:10.1016/s2213-2600(16)30304-6.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:45 PM

Figure 16 Wildfire, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:09 PM

What is it: A wildfire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation, usually occurring in rural areas. Although wildfires are a natural part of Spaceship earth, the IDRU has identified the recent uptick of wildfires as a major sign of Slow Disaster due to the severity of it's occurrence and influence on earth's entire ecosystem.

Geography: Remote areas like the Australian woods, the Amazon etc. The IDRU has recently identified

Causes/catayst: climate change attribution

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:46 PM

Figure 15 Pandemic, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:07 PM

What is it: A pandemic is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. The IDRU has identified pandemic as a major sign of Slow Disaster due to the long time scale and massive range of social, cultural, and economic effect on spaceships earth's inhabitants.

-geography: Currently there are almost no zones that are free from the pandemic on Spaceship earth right now.

Cause/catayst: Two main catalysts exist for this iteration of pandemic existing on spaceship earth. The first is the rapid urbanization of land and the second is the zoonoses as the result of rapid urbanization[1]. Rapid urbanization of land has managed to push out nondominant species from their habitats as the dominant species has managed to terreform and reconfigure landmass. This has led to non-dominant species losing land and inducing stress and creating spatial overlap amongst species that have not met before. In the current iteration of pandemic, a non dominant species, bat, has managed to mutate and form zoonoses. Zoonoses is defined as any disease of infection that can be naturally transmissible from vertebrate to the dominant human species. In the case of Covid-19, the bat has spread it's virus to the pangolin which has since spread and transmitted it to humans.

Potential cascade effects: Potential cascade effects are already beginning to be felt globally by this Slow Disaster at the moment. The slow down and lowered volume of global mobility may lead to unexpected system side effects for the human species. Already there are signs of economic uncertainty within the entire spaceship due to Covid-19.

[1] Hassell, James M., et al. “Urbanization and Disease Emergence: Dynamics at the Wildlife–Livestock–Human Interface.” Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 32, no. 1, 2017, pp. 55–67., doi:10.1016/j.tree.2016.09.012.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:47 PM

Figure 17 Energy Shortage, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:15 PM

What is it: While spaceship earth has been running on natural forms of carbon successfully for millennia, the spaceship's dominant inhabitants, humans, have developed new layers of carbon to fuel the way they operate the spaceship. One of these fundamental layers is energy in the form of electricity. However investigations show that electricity is unevenly distributed even amongst the dominant inhabitants. The IDRU has identified such energy shortage as a sign of Slow Disaster as the slow convergence of cheap electricity and climate change threatens to create planetary scale hazards for all of spaceship earth.

Geography: South Asia and Saharan Africa are two regions of the globe with least access to electricity.

Cause/catayst: In places like India where this Slow Disaster is most prevalent, the main cause of such energy shortage is due to the rapid population increase as well as rapid urbanization. While these changes have been rapid, the effects of such changes are projected to last for a very long time.

Potential cascade effects: Many potential cascade effects exist for the lack of energy shortage. For example if zones like India begin to generate more energy due to a lack of electricity for 16% of it's population that could mean a doubling of carbon emissions [1]. However if other zones pressure India to lower their emissions when energy is not being distributed evenly this can potentially leave to fighting and destabilization of the spaceship's internal politics.

[1] Gowen, Annie. “India's Huge Need for Electricity Is a Problem for the Planet.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 6 Nov. 2015, www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/indias-huge-need-for-electricity-is-a-problem-for-the-planet/2015/11/06/a9e004e6-622d-11e5-8475-781cc9851652_story.html.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:48 PM

Figure 18 Ocean Plastics, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:15 PM

What is it: With over 8 million tons of plastics being sent to the ocean yearly, the IDRU has identified ocean plastics as a major sign of Slow Disaster due to it's high potential for damage. One of spaceship earth's fundamental architecture is the existence of clean water as it makes up 71% of the ship's surface area.. Like many other disasters plastics in the ocean take many forms. Some plastics exists as landmass, others as micro plastics, and many more as individual pieces of plastic floating at sea.

Geography: Currently plastics are distributed in all parts of spaceship earth's water zones. The water zones constant movement creates a circulation of plastics in the ocean so it is hard to say that plastics exist in a geographically unique place. While plastics in the ocean are spread widely the product of plastics in general is a different story. Currently it is projected that plastic waste in the ocean comes from just 5 countries.

Cause/catayst: Ocean plastics longevity and yearly growth that has gone on almost invisibly has been the main reason for it's labelling as a slow disaster. The catalyst for such growth has been the industrialization and the use of single use objects designed for convenience and price over ecology and well being. Such behavior towards making objects in this manner has in turn supported throwaway culture which has allowed for the growth of Ocean plastics.

Potential cascade effects: The potential cascade effects of the Ocean plastics can already be seen by the acidification and destruction of the water habitats on spaceship earth. It has also lead to a overall decrease in health as plastics have been embedded into the diets of all species on spaceship earth. The potential cascade effects are that soon (by 2050) plastics may become the major species existing in the oceans.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:49 PM

Figure 20 Deepfake, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:26 PM

What is it: While the majority of Slow Disasters encompass dangers or hazards beyond the dominant inhabitant, the IDRU classifies Fake News as a unique Slow Disaster related to spaceship earth's dominant inhabitants. Fake news is a form of disinformation that is spread through different information networks. They are particularly viral and have the ability to engineer/manipulate the emotions and actions of the dominant inhabitants. The subversive nature of this phenomena is why we classify Fake News as a Slow Disaster.

Geography: Fake News currently resides in what is known to be social media networks, and the internet, a digital infrastructure for commmunicating information.

Cause/catalyst: rapid media consumption, manipulation through data mining have all been factors of Fake News. Simply there is too much information going around for anyone to authoritatively say something is true or false.

Potential cascade effects: The potential cascade is the polarization of society and the splintering of politics that is already happening on spaceship earth. This will lead to a much more difficult path toward finding consensus and living together in peace.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:49 PM

Figure 21 Chernobyl, Database of Disasters

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 05:27 PM

What is it? This is the buildup of radioactivity on Earth, due to the consumption of nuclear energy. The IDRU classifies Radioactive accumulation as a Slow Disaster for it's long lasting effects as the radioactive half life does not allow for radioactivity to go away very fast. Even in sites like Chernobyl which have almost been barren for 70 years there is still radioactivity ongoing.

Geography: Currently near the oceans of Japan and in plots of land such as Fukushima or Chernobyl radioactivity is occurring even at low levels.

Cause/catalyst: Technological development and the lack of energy has caused

Potential cascade effects: Potential cascade effects are already in place as nuclear energy has made it difficult for countries with it to live without, and has already caused significant ecological harm in sites where it was not properly managed. More effects can equal mutations in our genome as well as in the genomes of all living things creating more uncertainty for spaceship Earth.

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 04:52 PM

Illustration: Jeong Hyeyoon

Tony Cho — 2021.5.13 06:47 PM
Slow Disaster Program

Slow Disaster Program

Seoul, Online, Workshop, Exhibition, Generative Dialogue

A slow approach to disasters


Slow Futures Laboratory is an experimental playground for artists, designers and researchers to engage with new paradigms of living in the future through the lens of environmental injustice, social inequality and political violence.

For Future School, Slow Futures Laboratory introduces the Slow Disaster Programme, a workshop that brings together interdisciplinary teams to engage with a spectrum of anthropocenic imaginaries—uncovering discourses from the recent past that might impact how humanity responds to moments of extreme crisis in the future.

Examining disasters through different scales and forms of knowledge (the natural, the technological, the individual), participants use embodied methods of learning to discover and explore the way catastrophe, opportunity and trauma are communicated in times of disaster. These investigations, in turn, reveal the subtle impact of socio-cultural and ecological stratification around the world.

Exhibition program participants

Happening now

Mucca, The Korean Pavilion's friendly neighbor, 2021

Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 06:01 AM

Fin / 끝

Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 06:00 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:50 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:49 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:49 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:49 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:49 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:48 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:48 AM
Future School Office — The Korean Pavilion Documentation — 2021.12.7 05:48 AM

Exhibition programs

Future School